Convergence of physical and chemical signaling in the modulation of vascular smooth muscle cell cycle and proliferation by fibrillar collagen-regulated P66Shc
Yi-Ting Yeh, etc
Arterial smooth muscle cell (SMC) phenotype and proliferation is regulated by their surrounding collagens, which transform from fibrillar to monomeric type in atherogenesis, and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB/interleukin (IL)-1ß. This study aims at elucidating the mechanisms by which physical (monomeric vs. fibrillar collagens) and chemical (PDGF-BB/IL-1ß vs. vehicle controls) stimuli modulate SMC cycle and proliferation. SMCs were cultured on monomeric vs. fibrillar type I collagens. In parallel experiments, SMCs on fibrillar collagen were co-stimulated with PDGF-BB/IL-1ß. These physical and chemical factors induced common SMC cycle signaling events, including up-regulations of cyclin-dependent kinase-4/6 and cyclins A/D1, phosphorylation of retinoblastoma (Rb) and its dissociations with E2F2/3. The physical and chemical inductions of SMC cycle signaling and progression were oppositely regulated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-mediated Akt and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Fibrillar collagen degraded p66Shc, whose Ser36-phosphorylation plays important roles in the modulation of SMC cycle. Monomeric collagen and PDGF-BB/IL-1ß co-stimulation induced p66Shc expression and Ser36-phosphorylation through ß1 integrin and PDGF receptor-ß, respectively. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that fibrillar collagen-regulated p66Shc converges the physical and chemical stimuli to modulate SMC cycle and proliferation through PI3K-mediated Akt and p38 MAPK and their opposite regulation in downstream common cell cycle signaling cascades.