BRCA1 gene therapy reduces systemic inflammatory response and multiple organ failure and improves survival in experimental sepsis

H Teoh, etc
Gene Therapy, 2012

Sepsis-related complications and mortality remain a major clinical problem. Increased cell death and unresolved cellular repair have been implicated as key upstream mediators of sepsis-induced organ dysfunction and death. We hypothesised that gene therapy with BRCA1, a critical regulator of DNA damage repair and cell survival, would attenuate the sequelae of sepsis and peritonitis in mice subjected to caecal ligation and perforation (CLP) and thioglycollate stimulation. C57Bl/6J mice underwent sham or CLP surgery 3 days following treatment with either human BRCA1 adenovirus (AdBRCA1) or the adeno-CMV-null vector (Adnull). The 24-h post-CLP mortality was 2.8% vs 17.9% (P<0.001) and the median post-CLP survival was 50.5 vs 33¿h (P<0.05) for AdBRCA1- vs Adnull-treated mice, respectively. AdBRCA1 therapy blunted CLP-associated cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic and renal dysfunction and also reduced CLP-elicited double strand breaks and apoptosis in the liver. BRCA1 gene therapy was associated with lower CLP-evoked cardiac and hepatic superoxide generation that in the liver was in part due to improved reactive oxygen species removal. CLP also elevated mesenteric arteriolar and serum intercellular adhesion molecule-1, both of which were partially abrogated with AdBRCA1 administration. Thioglycollate-challenged AdBRCA1-treated mice displayed reduced peritoneal neutrophil recruitment and dampened cytokine elaboration relative to their Adnull-treated counterparts. Taken together, we report a novel role of BRCA1 gene therapy in limiting systemic inflammation, multiple-organ failure and mortality in experimental sepsis. Read more »

Gene Therapy
St Michael's Hospital