Serotonin Induces Rho/Rock-Dependent Activation Of Smads 1/5/8 In Pulmonary Artery Smooth Muscle Cells
Liu Y, etc FASEB Journal,
Serotonin (5-HT) stimulates pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation and has been associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Bone morphogenetic protein receptor 2 (BMPR2) mutations similarly have been linked to PAH. However, possible crosstalk between 5-HT and BMPR signaling remains poorly characterized. We report here that 5-HT activates Smads 1/5/8 in bovine and human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and causes translocation of these Smads from cytoplasm to the nucleus. DN BMPR1A blocked 5-HT activation of Smads 1/5/8 by 5-HT and BMPR1A overexpression enhanced it. Activation of Smads by 5-HT occurred through the 5-HT 1B/1D receptor as it was blocked with the inhibitor GR 55562 but unaffected by inhibitors of the 5-HT transporter and a variety of 5-HT receptors. Activation of the Smads by 5-HT depended on Rho/Rho kinase signaling as it was blocked by Y27632, but unaffected by inhibitors of PI3K or MAPK. Transfection of cells with BMPR1A and ligation of the BMP receptor with BMP-2 also activated GTP-Rho A of these SMCs, while DN BMPR1A blocked the activation. 5-HT stimulated an increase in serine/threonine phosphorylation of BMPR1A, supporting the activation of BMPR1A by 5-HT in SMCs. Infusion of 5-HT into mice with miniosmotic infusion pumps caused activation of Smads 1/5/8 in lung tissue, demonstrating the effect in vivo. The studies support a unique concept that 5-HT transactivates the serine kinase receptor, BMPR 1A, to activate Smads 1/5/8 via Rho and Rho kinase in pulmonary artery SMCs. Rho and Rho kinase also participate in the activation of Smads by BMP.