Phosphorylation of AktSer473/Ask1Ser83 in Trolox-induced suppression of doxorubicin-induced changes in rat cardiomyocytes

Anita K Sharma, etc
Curr Res Cardiology, 2014

Objective: To examine the modulatory effects of the antioxidant Trolox in the interplay of Akt and apoptosis signal-regulating kinase (Ask)1 in doxorubicin (Dox)-induced oxidative stress (OS).

Methods: Rat cardiomyocytes were treated with Dox (5 uM) or Trolox (20 uM) for 24h, or were pretreated with Trolox (20 uM) for 4h before treatment with Dox (5 uM) for 24h, and were compared with cardiomyocytes without any treatment. For the Akt inhibition study, cardiomyocytes were pretreated overnight with the phosphoinositol 3-kinase/Akt inhibitor wortmannin (1 uM) before treatment with Dox, Trolox, or Trolox + Dox. The gain and loss of Akt gene function with HA-tagged constitutively active Akt1 or dominant-negative mutant Akt1 (T308A; S473A) was also studied in the cardiomyocytes under all treatment conditions. Cells exposed to various treatment conditions were analyzed for OS, apoptotic and antiapoptotic proteins, and phosphorylation of Ask1(Ser83), Ask1(Thr845), and Akt(Ser473).

Results: Dox caused a decrease in the phosphorylation of Akt(Ser473). The phosphorylation of Ask1 was differentially modulated by Dox: Ask1 phosphorylation was upregulated at Thr845 sites and was downregulated at Ser83 sites. The levels of apoptotic proteins were also increased. Trolox pretreatment downregulated Dox-induced OS, promoted the activation of Akt(Ser473), and modulated Dox-induced changes in the phosphorylation of Ask1 and apoptosis-related proteins. Inhibition of phosphoinositol promoted phosphorylation of Ask(Thr845) and attenuated the phosphorylation of Ask1(Ser83). In contrast, upregulation of Akt activity using constitutively active Akt1 promoted phosphorylation of Ask1(Ser83) and inhibited phosphorylation of Ask1(Thr845) respectively.

Conslusions: Suppression of the effects of Dox by Trolox in rat cardiomyocytes occurs through the upregulation of Akt and its consensus site Ask1(Ser83).

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Curr Res Cardiology
vol 1(1):7-12
Univ of Manitoba