NF-¿B and GATA-6 Repress Transcription of Caveolins in Bladder Smooth Muscle Hypertrophy

C Thangavel, etc
The American Journal of Pathology, 2019

Caveolins (CAV) are structural proteins of caveolae that function as signaling platforms to regulate smooth muscle contraction. Loss of CAV proteins expression is associated with impaired contraction in obstruction-induced bladder smooth muscle (BSM) hypertrophy. In this study, microarray analysis of bladder RNA revealed down-regulation of CAV1, CAV2, and CAV3 gene transcription in BSM from models of obstructive bladder disease in mice and humans. We identified and characterized regulatory regions responsible for CAV1, CAV2, and CAV3 gene expression in mice with obstruction-induced BSM hypertrophy, and in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. DNA affinity chromatography and ChIP assays revealed a greater increase in binding of GATA-6 and NF-¿B to their cognate binding motifs on CAV1, CAV2, and CAV3 promoters in obstructed BSM relative to that observed in control BSM. Knockout of NF-¿B subunits or shRNA-mediated knockdown of GATA-6 or pharmacological inhibition of GATA-6 and NF-¿B in BSM increased CAV1, CAV2, and CAV3 transcription and promoter activity. Conversely, overexpression of GATA-6 decreased CAV2 and CAV3 transcription and promoter activity. Collectively, these data provide new insight into the mechanisms by which CAV gene expression is repressed in hypertrophied BSM in obstructive bladder disease.

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The American Journal of Pathology
doi: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2018.12.013
Thomas Jefferson University