Tgfß1, Tnf{Alpha}, And Insulin Signaling Crosstalk In Regulation Of The Rat Cholesterol 7{Alpha}-Hydroxylase Gene Expression

Li, T., etc.
Journal of Lipid Research, 2008

The TGFß1/Smad pathway plays a critical role in cholestasis and liver fibrosis. Previous studies show that TGFß1, TNFa, and insulin inhibit cholesterol 7a-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) gene transcription and bile acid synthesis in human hepatocytes. In this study, we investigated insulin, TGFß1, and TNFa regulation of rat Cyp7a1 gene transcription. In contrast to inhibition of human CYP7A1 gene transcription, TGFß1 stimulates rat Cyp7a1 reporter activity. Smad3, FoxO1, and HNF4a synergistically stimulated rat Cyp7a1 gene transcription. Mutations of the Smad3, FoxO1, or HNF4a binding site attenuated the rat Cyp7a1 promoter activity. Furthermore, TNFa and cJun attenuated TGFß1 stimulation of rat Cyp7a1. Insulin or adenovirus-mediated expression of constitutively active AKT1 inhibited FoxO1 and Smad3 synergy. In streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, Cyp7a1 mRNA expression levels were induced and insulin attenuated CYP7A1 mRNA levels. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay showed that FoxO1 binding to Cyp7a1 chromatin was increased in diabetic rat livers and insulin reduced FoxO1 binding. These results suggest a mechanistic basis for induction of Cyp7a1 activity and bile acid synthesis in cholestatic rats and in diabetic rats. The crosstalk of insulin, TGFß and TNFa signaling pathways may regulate bile acid synthesis and lipid homeostasis in diabetes, fatty liver disease, and liver fibrosis.

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Journal of Lipid Research
Northeastern Ohio Universities Colleges of Medicine and Pharmacy