PKC¿ activation in pancreatic acinar cells by gastrointestinal hormones/neurotransmitters and growth factors is needed for stimulation of numerous important cellular signaling cascades

Sancho V, ETC
Biochim Biophys Acta, 2011

The novel PKC¿ isoform is highly expressed in T-cells, brain and skeletal muscle and originally thought to have a restricted distribution. It has been extensively studied in T-cells and shown to be important for apoptosis, T-cell activation and proliferation. Recent studies showed its presence in other tissues and importance in insulin signaling, lung surfactant secretion, intestinal barrier permeability, platelet and mast-cell functions. However, little information is available for PKC¿ activation by gastrointestinal (GI) hormones/neurotransmitters and growth factors. In the present study we used rat pancreatic acinar cells to explore their ability to activate PKC¿ and the possible interactions with important cellular mediators of their actions. Particular attention was paid to cholecystokinin (CCK), a physiological regulator of pancreatic function and important in pathological processes affecting acinar function, like pancreatitis. PKC¿-protein/mRNA was present in the pancreatic acini, and T538-PKC¿ phosphorylation/activation was stimulated only by hormones/neurotransmitters activating phospholipase C. PKC¿ was activated in time- and dose-related manner by CCK, mediated 30% by high-affinity CCK(A)-receptor activation. CCK stimulated PKC¿ translocation from cytosol to membrane. PKC¿ inhibition (by pseudostrate-inhibitor or dominant negative) inhibited CCK- and TPA-stimulation of PKD, Src, RafC, PYK2, p125(FAK) and IKKa/ß, but not basal/stimulated enzyme secretion. Also CCK- and TPA-induced PKC¿ activation produced an increment in PKC¿'s direct association with AKT, RafA, RafC and Lyn. These results show for the first time the PKC¿ presence in pancreatic acinar cells, its activation by some GI hormones/neurotransmitters and involvement in important cell signaling pathways mediating physiological responses (enzyme secretion, proliferation, apoptosis, cytokine expression, and pathological responses like pancreatitis and cancer growth).

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Biochim Biophys Acta
doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2011.07.007