Phosphate-dependent FGF23 secretion is modulated by PiT2/Slc20a2

N Bon, etc
Molecular Metabolism, 2018

In vivo, PiT2 KO mice responded inappropriately to low-Pi diets, displaying abnormally normal serum levels of intact Fgf23. Despite the high iFgf23 level, serum Pi levels remained unaffected, an effect that may relate to lower aKlotho expression in the kidney. Moreover, consistent with a role of PiT2 as a possible endocrine Pi sensor, the iFGF23/cFGF23 ratios were suppressed in PiT2 KO mice, irrespective of the Pi loads. While deletion of PiT1 in osteocytes using the DMP1-Cre mice was inefficient, adenovirus-mediated deletion of PiT1 in isolated long bone shafts suggested that PiT1 does not contribute to Pi-dependent regulation of Fgf23 secretion. In contrast, using isolated bone shafts from PiT2 KO mice, we showed that PiT2 was necessary for the appropriate Pi-dependent secretion of Fgf23, independently from possible endocrine regulatory loops.

Our data provide initial mechanistic insights underlying the Pi-dependent regulation of Fgf23 secretion in identifying PiT2 as a potential player in this process, at least in high Pi conditions. Targeting PiT2, therefore, could improve excess FGF23 in hyperphosphatemic conditions such as chronic kidney disease.

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Molecular Metabolism
doi: 10.1016/j.molmet.2018.02.007