Inducible Kiss1 knockdown in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus suppressed pulsatile secretion of luteinizing hormone in male mice

Journal of Reproduction and Development, 2020

Accumulating evidence suggests that kisspeptin-GPR54 signaling is indispensable for gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)/gonadotropin secretion and consequent reproductive functions in mammals. Conventional Kiss1 knockout (KO) mice and rats are reported to be infertile. To date, however, no study has investigated the effect of inducible central Kiss1 KO/knockdown on pulsatile gonadotropin release in male mammals. Here we report an in vivo analysis of inducible conditional Kiss1 knockdown male mice. The mice were generated by a bilateral injections of either adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors driving Cre recombinase (AAV-Cre) or AAV vectors driving GFP (AAV-GFP, control) into the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) of Kiss1-floxed male mice, in which exon 3 of the Kiss1 gene were floxed with loxP sites. Four weeks after the AAV-Cre injection, the mice showed a profound decrease in the both number of ARC Kiss1-expressing cells and the luteinizing hormone (LH) pulse frequency. Interestingly, pulsatile LH secretion was apparent 8 weeks after the AAV-Cre injection despite the suppression of ARC Kiss1 expression. The control Kiss1-floxed mice infected with AAV-GFP showed apparent LH pulses and Kiss1 expression in the ARC at both 4 and 8 weeks after the AAV-GFP injection. These results with an inducible conditional Kiss1 knockdown in the ARC of male mice suggest that ARC kisspeptin neurons are responsible for pulsatile LH secretion in male mice, and indicate the possibility of a compensatory mechanism that restores GnRH/LH pulse generation.

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Journal of Reproduction and Development
doi: 10.1262/jrd.2019-164
The University of Tokyo