Decreased Ipla2{Gamma} Expression Induces Lipid Peroxidation And Cell Death And Sensitizes Cells To Oxidant-Induced Apoptosis

Kinsey G. etc
Journal of Lipid Research, 2008

Our previous studies showed that renal proximal tubular cells (RPTC) express Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2¿ (iPLA2¿) in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria and that iPLA2¿ prevents and/or repairs lipid peroxidation induced by oxidative stress. Our present studies determined the importance of iPLA2¿ in mitochondrial and cell function using an iPLA2¿-specific small hairpin ribonucleic acid (shRNA) adenovirus. iPLA2¿ expression and activity were decreased in the ER by 24 h and in the mitochondria by 48 h compared with scrambled shRNA adenovirus-treated cells. Lipid peroxidation was elevated by 2-fold at 24 h and remained elevated through 72 h in cells with decreased iPLA2¿. Using electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry, primarily phosphatidylcholines and phosphatidylethanolamines were increased in iPLA2¿-shRNA-treated cells. At 48 h after exposure to the iPLA2¿ shRNA, uncoupled oxygen consumption was inhibited by 25% and apoptosis was observed at 72 and 96 h. RPTC with decreased iPLA2¿ expression underwent apoptosis when exposed to a nonlethal concentration of the oxidant tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP). Exposure of control cells to a nonlethal concentration of TBHP induced iPLA2¿ expression in RPTC. These results suggest that iPLA2¿ is required for the prevention and repair of basal lipid peroxidation and the maintenance of mitochondrial function and viability, providing further evidence for a cytoprotective role for iPLA2¿ from oxidative stress.

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Journal of Lipid Research
SUNY Downstate