BMP and Activin Membrane Bound Inhibitor Regulates the Extracellular Matrix in the Trabecular Meshwork

H Hernandez, etc
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 2018

Purpose: The trabecular meshwork (TM) has an important role in the regulation of aqueous humor outflow and IOP. Regulation of the extracellular matrix (ECM) by TGFß2 has been studied extensively. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and activin membrane-bound inhibitor (BAMBI) has been shown to inhibit or modulate TGFß2 signaling. We investigate the role of TGFß2 and BAMBI in the regulation of TM ECM and ocular hypertension.

Methods: Mouse TM (MTM) cells were isolated from B6;129S1-Bambitm1Jian/J flox mice, characterized for TGFß2 and dexamethasone (DEX)–induced expression of fibronectin, collagen-1, collagen-4, laminin, a-smooth muscle actin, cross-linked actin networks (CLANs) formation, and DEX-induced myocilin (MYOC) expression. MTM cells were transduced with Ad5.GFP to identify transduction efficiency. MTM cells and mouse eyes were transduced with Ad5.Null, Ad5.Cre, Ad5.TGFß2, or Ad5.TGFß2 + Ad5.Cre to evaluate the effect on ECM production, IOP, and outflow facility.

Results: MTM cells express TM markers and respond to DEX and TGFß2. Ad5.GFP at 100 MOI had the highest transduction efficiency. Bambi knockdown by Ad5.Cre and Ad5.TGFß2 increased fibronectin, collagen-1, and collagen-4 in TM cells in culture and tissue. Ad5.Cre, Ad5.TGFß2, and Ad5.TGFß2 + Ad5.Cre each significantly induced ocular hypertension and lowered aqueous humor outflow facility in transduced eyes.

Conclusions: We show for the first time to our knowledge that knockdown of Bambi alters ECM expression in cultured cells and mouse TM, reduces outflow facility, and causes ocular hypertension. These data provide a novel insight into the development of glaucomatous TM damage and identify BAMBI as an important regulator of TM ECM and ocular hypertension.

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Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
doi: 10.1167/iovs.17-23282
University of North Texas Health Science Center