Recent Citations

Vector Biolabs’ adenovirus/AAV products & services have been cited in over 1,000 peer-reviewed papers. You’ll find the most recent and notable of these publications here.

H19 long noncoding RNA controls the mRNA decay promoting function of KSRP

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) interact with protein factors to regulate different layers of gene expression transcriptionally or posttranscriptionally. Here we report on the functional consequences of the unanticipated interaction of the RNA binding protein K homology-type splicing regulatory protein (KSRP) with the H19 lncRNA (H19). KSRP directly binds to H19 in the cytoplasm of undifferentiated […]

Dendrite Self-Avoidance Requires Cell-Autonomous Slit/Robo Signaling in Cerebellar Purkinje Cells

Dendrites from the same neuron usually develop nonoverlapping patterns by self-avoidance, a process requiring contact-dependent recognition and repulsion. Recent studies have implicated homophilic interactions of cell surface molecules, including Dscams and Pcdhgs, in self-recognition, but repulsive molecular mechanisms remain obscure. Here, we report a role for the secreted molecule Slit2 and its receptor Robo2 in […]

Hyperglycemia in rodent models of type 2 diabetes requires insulin-resistant alpha cells

To determine the role of glucagon action in diet-induced and genetic type 2 diabetes (T2D), we studied high-fat-diet–induced obese (DIO) and leptin receptor-defective (LepR-/-) rodents with and without glucagon receptors (GcgRs). DIO and LepR-/-,GcgR+/+ mice both developed hyperinsulinemia, increased liver sterol response element binding protein 1c, and obesity. DIO GcgR+/+ mice developed mild T2D, whereas […]

Heme Oxygenase-1 Drives Metaflammation and Insulin Resistance in Mouse and Man

Obesity and diabetes affect more than half a billion individuals worldwide. Interestingly, the two conditions do not always coincide and the molecular determinants of “healthy” versus “unhealthy” obesity remain ill-defined. Chronic metabolic inflammation (metaflammation) is believed to be pivotal. Here, we tested a hypothesized anti-inflammatory role for heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in the development of metabolic […]

Essential Role of Presynaptic NMDA Receptors in Activity-Dependent BDNF Secretion and Corticostriatal LTP

Activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate subtype of glutamate receptors (NMDARs) in postsynaptic dendrites is required for long-term potentiation (LTP) of many excitatory synapses, but the role of presynaptic axonal NMDARs in synaptic plasticity remains to be clarified. Here we report that axonal NMDARs play an essential role in LTP induction at mouse corticostriatal synapses by triggering activity-induced […]

Atrogin-1 deficiency promotes cardiomyopathy and premature death via impaired autophagy

Cardiomyocyte proteostasis is mediated by the ubiquitin/proteasome system (UPS) and autophagy/lysosome system and is fundamental for cardiac adaptation to both physiologic (e.g., exercise) and pathologic (e.g., pressure overload) stresses. Both the UPS and autophagy/lysosome system exhibit reduced efficiency as a consequence of aging, and dysfunction in these systems is associated with cardiomyopathies. The muscle-specific ubiquitin […]

Exome sequencing identifies somatic gain-of-function PPM1D mutations in brainstem gliomas

Gliomas arising in the brainstem and thalamus are devastating tumors that are difficult to surgically resect. To determine the genetic and epigenetic landscape of these tumors, we performed exomic sequencing of 14 brainstem gliomas (BSGs) and 12 thalamic gliomas. We also performed targeted mutational analysis of an additional 24 such tumors and genome-wide methylation profiling […]

Vascular rarefaction mediates whitening of brown fat in obesity

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a highly vascularized organ with abundant mitochondria that produce heat through uncoupled respiration. Obesity is associated with a reduction of BAT function; however, it is unknown how obesity promotes dysfunctional BAT. Here, using a murine model of diet-induced obesity, we determined that obesity causes capillary rarefaction and functional hypoxia in […]