Overexpression Of Myofibrillogenesis Regulator-1 Aggravates Cardiac Hypertrophy Induced By Angiotensin Ii In Mice
Li, H., etc. Hypertension,
Myofibrillogenesis regulator-1 (MR-1) augments cardiomyocytes hypertrophy induced by angiotensin II (Ang II) in vitro. However, its roles in cardiac hypertrophy in vivo remain unknown. Here, we investigate whether MR-1 can promote cardiac hypertrophy induced by Ang II in vivo and elucidate the molecular mechanisms of MR-1 on cardiac hypertrophy. We used a model of Ang II–induced cardiac hypertrophy by infusion of Ang II in female mice. In wild-type mice subjected to the Ang II infusion, cardiac hypertrophy developed after 2 weeks. In mice overexpressing human MR-1 (transgenic), however, cardiac hypertrophy was significantly greater than in wild-type mice as estimated by heart weight:body weight ratio, cardiomyocyte area, and echocardiographic measurements, as well as cardiac atrial natriuretic peptide and B-type natriuretic peptide mRNA and protein levels. Our further results showed that cardiac inflammation and fibrosis observed in wild-type Ang II mice were augmented in transgenic Ang II mice. Importantly, increased nuclear factor ¿B activation was significantly increased higher in transgenic mice compared with wild-type mice after 2 weeks of Ang II infusion. In vitro experiments also revealed that overexpression of MR-1 enhanced Ang II–induced nuclear factor ¿B activation, whereas downregulation of MR-1 blocked it in cardiac myocytes. In conclusion, our results suggest that MR-1 plays an aggravative role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy via activation of the nuclear factor ¿B signaling pathway.